Pulmonary Fibrosis: Treatment Options

Lung Transplant

In the simplest terms, PF or Pulmonary Fibrosis is when a person has lung scarring. With PF, scarring spreads in the lungs’ air sacs and walls, which will eventually lead to difficulty breathing and multiple organs malfunctioning due to oxygen deprivation.

PF is unfortunately not curable but can be effectively managed with the right exercise, a healthy lifestyle, lung rehabilitation, use of supplemental oxygen, and medications. These drug treatments include the following:

Corticosteroids

Corticosteroids such as Prednisone is utilised for reducing inflammation and suppressing the immune system. This imitates cortisol’s actions that adrenal glands’ produce.

Cyclophosphamide

Cyclophosphamide is used for treating particular forms of pulmonary fibrosis since it is effective in inhibiting inflammation. This chemotherapy agent may be orally consumed or intravenously delivered.

Azathioprine

Another drug useful in suppressing the immune function, it is likewise used typically for treating other autoimmune diseases such as arthritis. It is likewise utilised after transplantations to aid in the body’s acceptance of a transplanted organ.

NAC

N-Acetylcysteine is an antioxidant that is used to aid in protecting the lungs from oxidative stress.

Pirfenidone

An anti-fibriotic drug, pirfenidone pharmacies Canada residents trust also effectively suppresses immune function. Research shows that it effectively slows down the progression of mild to moderate pulmonary fibrosis and orally taken thrice daily.

Pulmonary Fibrosis and Lung Transplant

Lung transplantation is presently the only effective method for curing pulmonary fibrosis. Doctors usually recommend getting in touch with the Toronto General Hospital’s The Multi Organ Transplant Program department for a consultation. This is where the first lung transplant was performed back in 1983. In Canada, approximately 45% of lung transplants go to those suffering from PF.

It is crucial to note that only doctors can determine the specific treatment options available once a patient has been diagnosed with pulmonary fibrosis. Depending on the severity of the PF, patients can manage their disease with a combination of drug treatments and the right lifestyle changes. In more serious cases, however, only a lung transplant can save them.

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