Anesthesia benefits patients who must undergo surgery. It helps them cope with the pain during and after an operation, or even put them under a controlled unconscious period. There are different ways to administer anesthesia:
- Local, which is location-specific.
- Regional, administered in a particular region of the body.
- General, which renders the patient unconscious and unaware anything during the surgery.
Among these three types of anesthesia, many patients express a lot of concern over the administration of general anesthesia. The main concerns surround the side effects of the anesthetics, but companies of anesthesiologists can now shed some light over the myths.
What are Their Side Effects?
It is true that general anesthesia may cause side-effects, though this is rare. Some side-effects happen because it depresses the nerve activity of the patient for the duration of the surgery. Some typical side effects of general anesthesia include:
- Feeling nauseous and vomiting after an operation.
- Shivering and general feeling of cold.
- Chest infection and breathing difficulties.
- Bladder problems, particularly after receiving a spinal anesthetic.
- Bruising and soreness at the place of injection.
- A sore throat if a tube was in your throat to help you breathe during the surgery.
- Lip or dental damage such as small cuts due to tube insertion.
- Delirium or memory loss.
How Serious Are These Side Effects?
Most of these side effects are minor and treatable. For example, bruising heals by itself, dizziness disappears with fluids, and chest pain diminishes with the right medication. Shivering and the feeling of nausea disappear on their own after some time.
Will Side Effects Last?
Contrary to the popular opinion, these side effects of anesthesia do not last months or years. Most of them disappear within a few weeks after surgery. While this is true in the case of healthy individuals, patients who are above 70 years or those with mental problems may face delirium or memory loss after surgery, but this mostly because of their advanced age or poor mental health.
Follow the doctor’s instructions post-surgery and have an expert hand to administer the anesthesia, rest assured that the after effects of the same is as good as non-existent.